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سورة الأنفال

8. Al-Anfal

Spoils of war, booty


Total verses: 75
Revealed in: Medina

Translations:
- Saheeh International (English)
- Mawlana Fateh Muhammad Jalandhari (Urdu)


The surah that answers the question that the believers put to the Prophet regarding how God and His Messenger would have them distribute The spoils, after the believers had differed among themselves about its disbursement. It takes its name from the term "spoils" (al-anfāl) mentioned in verse 1. The main part of this surah is a comment on the Battle of Badr (year 2/624), the first fought between the Muslims and their Meccan opponents. The Muslims, some of whom were at first reluctant to fight, won in spite of being vastly outnumbered, and began to question the distribution of the gains (spoils of war). The surah reminds them that it was God who brought about the victory. verse 41 shows how the gains were to be distributed. It advises Muslims and comments on the role of the hypocrites and on those who always break their treaties (verse 56), ending with a statement about loyalties and alliances.
The surah is also known as Battle Gains, Booty, The Spoils of War.


Reciters:
- Mishary bin Rashid Al-Afasy (Arabic)
- Ibrahim Walk (English)
- Shamshad Ali Khan (Urdu)
Arabic only:

With English translation:

With Urdu translation:


Tafsir (Bayanul Quran):
Detailed verse by verse explanation of Quran in Urdu by Late Dr. Israr Ahmad.
AL-ANFAAL [001 TO 040]

AL-ANFAAL [041 TO End]


إِذْ أَنْتُمْ بِالْعُدْوَةِ الدُّنْيَا وَهُمْ بِالْعُدْوَةِ الْقُصْوَىٰ وَالرَّكْبُ أَسْفَلَ مِنْكُمْ ۚ وَلَوْ تَوَاعَدْتُمْ لَاخْتَلَفْتُمْ فِي الْمِيعَادِ ۙ وَلَٰكِنْ لِيَقْضِيَ اللَّهُ أَمْرًا كَانَ مَفْعُولًا لِيَهْلِكَ مَنْ هَلَكَ عَنْ بَيِّنَةٍ وَيَحْيَىٰ مَنْ حَيَّ عَنْ بَيِّنَةٍ ۗ وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَسَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ ﴿٤٢﴾
٤٢ - جس وقت تم (مدینے سے) قریب کے ناکے پر تھے اور کافر بعید کے ناکے پر اور قافلہ تم سے نیچے (اتر گیا) تھا۔ اور اگر تم (جنگ کے لیے) آپس میں قرارداد کرلیتے تو وقت معین (پر جمع ہونے) میں تقدیم وتاخیر ہو جاتی۔ لیکن خدا کو منظور تھا کہ جو کام ہو کر رہنے والا تھا اسے کر ہی ڈالے تاکہ جو مرے بصیرت پر (یعنی یقین جان کر) مرے اور جو جیتا رہے وہ بھی بصیرت پر (یعنی حق پہچان کر) جیتا رہے۔ اور کچھ شک نہیں کہ خدا سنتا جانتا ہے .
[8:42] [Remember] when you were on the near side of the valley, and they were on the farther side, and the caravan was lower [in position] than you. If you had made an appointment [to meet], you would have missed the appointment. But [it was] so that Allah might accomplish a matter already destined - that those who perished [through disbelief] would perish upon evidence and those who lived [in faith] would live upon evidence; and indeed, Allah is Hearing and Knowing.
[Transliteration] Iz antum bil'udwatid dunyaa wa hum bil'udwatil quswaa warrakbu asfala minkum, wa law tawaa'attum lakhtalaftum fil mee'aadi wa laakil liyaqdiyal laahu amran kaana maf'oolal liyahlika man halaka 'am baiyinatinw wa yahyaa man haiya 'am baiyinah, wa innal laaha la Samee'un 'Aleem
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