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سورة الأنفال

8. Al-Anfal

Spoils of war, booty

Total verses: 75
Revealed in: Medina

- Saheeh International (English)
- Mawlana Fateh Muhammad Jalandhari (Urdu)

The surah that answers the question that the believers put to the Prophet regarding how God and His Messenger would have them distribute The spoils, after the believers had differed among themselves about its disbursement. It takes its name from the term "spoils" (al-anfāl) mentioned in verse 1. The main part of this surah is a comment on the Battle of Badr (year 2/624), the first fought between the Muslims and their Meccan opponents. The Muslims, some of whom were at first reluctant to fight, won in spite of being vastly outnumbered, and began to question the distribution of the gains (spoils of war). The surah reminds them that it was God who brought about the victory. verse 41 shows how the gains were to be distributed. It advises Muslims and comments on the role of the hypocrites and on those who always break their treaties (verse 56), ending with a statement about loyalties and alliances.
The surah is also known as Battle Gains, Booty, The Spoils of War.

- Mishary bin Rashid Al-Afasy (Arabic)
- Ibrahim Walk (English)
- Shamshad Ali Khan (Urdu)
Arabic only:

With English translation:

With Urdu translation:

Tafsir (Bayanul Quran):
Detailed verse by verse explanation of Quran in Urdu by Late Dr. Israr Ahmad.
AL-ANFAAL [001 TO 040]

AL-ANFAAL [041 TO End]

وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّمَا غَنِمْتُمْ مِنْ شَيْءٍ فَأَنَّ لِلَّهِ خُمُسَهُ وَلِلرَّسُولِ وَلِذِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَالْيَتَامَىٰ وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ آمَنْتُمْ بِاللَّهِ وَمَا أَنْزَلْنَا عَلَىٰ عَبْدِنَا يَوْمَ الْفُرْقَانِ يَوْمَ الْتَقَى الْجَمْعَانِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ ﴿٤١﴾
٤١ - اور جان رکھو کہ جو چیز تم (کفار سے) لوٹ کر لاؤ اس میں سے پانچواں حصہ خدا کا اور اس کے رسول کا اور اہل قرابت کا اور یتیموں کا اور محتاجوں کا اور مسافروں کا ہے۔ اگر تم خدا پر اور اس (نصرت) پر ایمان رکھتے ہو جو (حق وباطل میں) فرق کرنے کے دن (یعنی جنگ بدر میں) جس دن دونوں فوجوں میں مڈھ بھیڑ ہوگئی۔ اپنے بندے (محمدﷺ) پر نازل فرمائی۔ اور خدا ہر چیز پر قادر ہے .
[8:41] And know that anything you obtain of war booty - then indeed, for Allah is one fifth of it and for the Messenger and for [his] near relatives and the orphans, the needy, and the [stranded] traveler, if you have believed in Allah and in that which We sent down to Our Servant on the day of criterion - the day when the two armies met. And Allah, over all things, is competent.
[Transliteration] Wa'lamooo annamaa ghanimtum min sha'in fa anna lillaahi khumusahoo wa lir Rasooli wa lizil qurba walyataamaa walmasaakeeni wabnis sabeeli in kuntum aamantum billaahi wa maaa anzalnaa 'ala 'abdinaa yawmal Furqaani yawmaltaqal jam'aan, wal laahu 'alaa kulli shai'in Qadeer
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