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سورة الممتحنة

60. Al-Mumtahina

She that is to be examined


Total verses: 13
Revealed in: Medina

Translations:
- Saheeh International (English)
- Mawlana Fateh Muhammad Jalandhari (Urdu)


The surah that instituted for lone female Émigrés to Islam the swearing of a scared oath as the test of faith, The Women Tested, establishing publicly that their migration was purely for the sake of God, without worldly motive, so as to vouchsafe to them full protection and rights in the Muslim community. It takes its name from verse 10 concerning "the testing" (imtiḥān) of new female converts to Islam. The surah was revealed between the Treaty of Ḥudaybiyyah and the conquest of Mecca: instructions are given on how to deal with women who leave Mecca and join the Muslims, and the procedure for wives who leave Medina for Mecca (verse 10 ff.). The Muslims are instructed on the appropriate allocation of their loyalties (verse 1 ff., verse 7 ff. and verse 13) and Abraham is cited for them as an example to learn from (verse 4).
The surah is also known as Examining Her, She Who Is Tested, That Which Examines, The Examiner, The Test of Faith, The Woman Tried, The Woman to be Examined, Women Tested


Reciters:
- Mishary bin Rashid Al-Afasy (Arabic)
- Ibrahim Walk (English)
- Shamshad Ali Khan (Urdu)
Arabic only:

With English translation:

With Urdu translation:


Tafsir (Bayanul Quran):
Detailed verse by verse explanation of Quran in Urdu by Late Dr. Israr Ahmad.
AL-MUMTAHINAH


يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا جَاءَكُمُ الْمُؤْمِنَاتُ مُهَاجِرَاتٍ فَامْتَحِنُوهُنَّ ۖ اللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِإِيمَانِهِنَّ ۖ فَإِنْ عَلِمْتُمُوهُنَّ مُؤْمِنَاتٍ فَلَا تَرْجِعُوهُنَّ إِلَى الْكُفَّارِ ۖ لَا هُنَّ حِلٌّ لَهُمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحِلُّونَ لَهُنَّ ۖ وَآتُوهُمْ مَا أَنْفَقُوا ۚ وَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْكُمْ أَنْ تَنْكِحُوهُنَّ إِذَا آتَيْتُمُوهُنَّ أُجُورَهُنَّ ۚ وَلَا تُمْسِكُوا بِعِصَمِ الْكَوَافِرِ وَاسْأَلُوا مَا أَنْفَقْتُمْ وَلْيَسْأَلُوا مَا أَنْفَقُوا ۚ ذَٰلِكُمْ حُكْمُ اللَّهِ ۖ يَحْكُمُ بَيْنَكُمْ ۚ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ ﴿١٠﴾
١٠ - مومنو! جب تمہارے پاس مومن عورتیں وطن چھوڑ کر آئیں تو ان کی آزمائش کرلو۔ (اور) خدا تو ان کے ایمان کو خوب جانتا ہے۔ سو اگر تم کو معلوم ہو کہ مومن ہیں تو ان کو کفار کے پاس واپس نہ بھیجو۔ کہ نہ یہ ان کو حلال ہیں اور نہ وہ ان کو جائز۔ اور جو کچھ انہوں نے (ان پر) خرچ کیا ہو وہ ان کو دے دو۔ اور تم پر کچھ گناہ نہیں کہ ان عورتوں کو مہر دے کر ان سے نکاح کرلو اور کافر عورتوں کی ناموس کو قبضے میں نہ رکھو (یعنی کفار کو واپس دے دو) اور جو کچھ تم نے ان پر خرچ کیا ہو تم ان سے طلب کرلو اور جو کچھ انہوں نے (اپنی عورتوں پر) خرچ کیا ہو وہ تم سے طلب کرلیں۔ یہ خدا کا حکم ہے جو تم میں فیصلہ کئے دیتا ہے اور خدا جاننے والا حکمت والا ہے .
[60:10] O you who have believed, when the believing women come to you as emigrants, examine them. Allah is most knowing as to their faith. And if you know them to be believers, then do not return them to the disbelievers; they are not lawful [wives] for them, nor are they lawful [husbands] for them. But give the disbelievers what they have spent. And there is no blame upon you if you marry them when you have given them their due compensation. And hold not to marriage bonds with disbelieving women, but ask for what you have spent and let them ask for what they have spent. That is the judgement of Allah; He judges between you. And Allah is Knowing and Wise.
[Transliteration] Yaa ayyuhal lazeena aamanoo izaa jaaa'akumul mu'minaatu muhaajiraatin famtah inoohunna Allaahu a'lamu bieemaanihinna fa in 'alimtumoohunna mu'minaatin falaa tarji'oohunna ilal kuffaar, laa hunna hillul lahum wa laa hum uahilloona lahunna wa aatoohum maa anfaqoo wa laa junaaha 'alaikum an tankihoohunna izaaa aataitumoohunna ujoorahunn, wa laa tumsikoo bi 'isamil kawaafiri was'aloo maaa anfaqtum walyas'aloo maaa anfaqoo zaalikum hukmul laahi yahkumu bainakum wallaahu 'aleemun hakeem
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