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سورة الفتح

48. Al-Fath

The victory


Total verses: 29
Revealed in: Medina

Translations:
- Saheeh International (English)
- Mawlana Fateh Muhammad Jalandhari (Urdu)


The surah that opens by acclaiming the manifest Victory or Triumph of peace that God accorded His Prophet in the truce he agreed to with the Meccans at a place called Ḥudaybiyyah. It takes its name from verse 1 wherein "victory" (fatḥ) is mentioned. The surah makes reference to the occasion when the Prophet had a vision that he and his followers would be performing pilgrimage to Mecca (verse 27). They set out, but the Meccans decided to bar them at Ḥudaybiyyah from reaching the town and sent emissaries to have discussions with the Prophet. In the end the Prophet signed a treaty that he and the believers would not enter Mecca that year, but would do so the next year. Seeing the long-term significance of this treaty, in the interests of peace he agreed to a truce often years during which time, if any Meccan went over to his side, he would return him to the Meccans, but if any of his people went over to the Meccans, they would not return them. Throughout the surah the Prophet is assured that this treaty that God has given him is a great breakthrough (verse 1ff., verse 18 ff. and verse 27). The believers are reassured that their self-restraint and obedience to the Prophet were inspired by God (verse 4 ff. and verse 24 ff.). The surah condemns both the hypocrites in Medina (verse 6) and the idolaters of Mecca (verse 6 and verse 26) and closes by praising the believers (verse 29).
The surah is also known as: Conquest, The Manifest Triumph, Triumph


Reciters:
- Mishary bin Rashid Al-Afasy (Arabic)
- Ibrahim Walk (English)
- Shamshad Ali Khan (Urdu)
Arabic only:

With English translation:

With Urdu translation:


Tafsir (Bayanul Quran):
Detailed verse by verse explanation of Quran in Urdu by Late Dr. Israr Ahmad.
AL-FAT'H


مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ۚ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ أَشِدَّاءُ عَلَى الْكُفَّارِ رُحَمَاءُ بَيْنَهُمْ ۖ تَرَاهُمْ رُكَّعًا سُجَّدًا يَبْتَغُونَ فَضْلًا مِنَ اللَّهِ وَرِضْوَانًا ۖ سِيمَاهُمْ فِي وُجُوهِهِمْ مِنْ أَثَرِ السُّجُودِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ مَثَلُهُمْ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ ۚ وَمَثَلُهُمْ فِي الْإِنْجِيلِ كَزَرْعٍ أَخْرَجَ شَطْأَهُ فَآزَرَهُ فَاسْتَغْلَظَ فَاسْتَوَىٰ عَلَىٰ سُوقِهِ يُعْجِبُ الزُّرَّاعَ لِيَغِيظَ بِهِمُ الْكُفَّارَ ۗ وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ مِنْهُمْ مَغْفِرَةً وَأَجْرًا عَظِيمًا ﴿٢٩﴾
٢٩ - محمدﷺ خدا کے پیغمبر ہیں اور جو لوگ ان کے ساتھ ہیں وہ کافروں کے حق میں سخت ہیں اور آپس میں رحم دل، (اے دیکھنے والے) تو ان کو دیکھتا ہے کہ (خدا کے آگے) جھکے ہوئے سر بسجود ہیں اور خدا کا فضل اور اس کی خوشنودی طلب کر رہے ہیں۔ (کثرت) سجود کے اثر سے ان کی پیشانیوں پر نشان پڑے ہوئے ہیں۔ ان کے یہی اوصاف تورات میں (مرقوم) ہیں۔ اور یہی اوصاف انجیل میں ہیں۔ (وہ) گویا ایک کھیتی ہیں جس نے (پہلے زمین سے) اپنی سوئی نکالی پھر اس کو مضبوط کیا پھر موٹی ہوئی اور پھر اپنی نال پر سیدھی کھڑی ہوگئی اور لگی کھیتی والوں کو خوش کرنے تاکہ کافروں کا جی جلائے۔ جو لوگ ان میں سے ایمان لائے اور نیک عمل کرتے رہے ان سے خدا نے گناہوں کی بخشش اور اجر عظیم کا وعدہ کیا ہے.
[48:29] Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah; and those with him are forceful against the disbelievers, merciful among themselves. You see them bowing and prostrating [in prayer], seeking bounty from Allah and [His] pleasure. Their mark is on their faces from the trace of prostration. That is their description in the Torah. And their description in the Gospel is as a plant which produces its offshoots and strengthens them so they grow firm and stand upon their stalks, delighting the sowers - so that Allah may enrage by them the disbelievers. Allah has promised those who believe and do righteous deeds among them forgiveness and a great reward.
[Transliteration] Muhammadur Rasoolul laah, wallazeena ma'ahooo ashiddaaa'u 'alal kuffaaari ruhamaaa'u bainahum taraahum rukka'an sujjadany yabtaghoona fadlam minal laahi wa ridwaanan seemaahum fee wujoohihim min asaris sujood, zaalika masaluhum fit tawraah, wa masaluhum fil Injeeli kazar'in akhraja shat 'ahoo fa 'aazarahoo fastaghlaza fastawaa 'alaa sooqihee yu'jibuz zurraa'a liyagheeza bihimul kuffaar, wa'adal laahul lazeena aamanoo wa 'amilus saalihaati minhum maghfiratanw wa ajran 'azeemaa
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