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سورة الفتح

48. Al-Fath

The victory

Total verses: 29
Revealed in: Medina

- Saheeh International (English)
- Mawlana Fateh Muhammad Jalandhari (Urdu)

The surah that opens by acclaiming the manifest Victory or Triumph of peace that God accorded His Prophet in the truce he agreed to with the Meccans at a place called Ḥudaybiyyah. It takes its name from verse 1 wherein "victory" (fatḥ) is mentioned. The surah makes reference to the occasion when the Prophet had a vision that he and his followers would be performing pilgrimage to Mecca (verse 27). They set out, but the Meccans decided to bar them at Ḥudaybiyyah from reaching the town and sent emissaries to have discussions with the Prophet. In the end the Prophet signed a treaty that he and the believers would not enter Mecca that year, but would do so the next year. Seeing the long-term significance of this treaty, in the interests of peace he agreed to a truce often years during which time, if any Meccan went over to his side, he would return him to the Meccans, but if any of his people went over to the Meccans, they would not return them. Throughout the surah the Prophet is assured that this treaty that God has given him is a great breakthrough (verse 1ff., verse 18 ff. and verse 27). The believers are reassured that their self-restraint and obedience to the Prophet were inspired by God (verse 4 ff. and verse 24 ff.). The surah condemns both the hypocrites in Medina (verse 6) and the idolaters of Mecca (verse 6 and verse 26) and closes by praising the believers (verse 29).
The surah is also known as: Conquest, The Manifest Triumph, Triumph

- Mishary bin Rashid Al-Afasy (Arabic)
- Ibrahim Walk (English)
- Shamshad Ali Khan (Urdu)
Arabic only:

With English translation:

With Urdu translation:

Tafsir (Bayanul Quran):
Detailed verse by verse explanation of Quran in Urdu by Late Dr. Israr Ahmad.

سَيَقُولُ لَكَ الْمُخَلَّفُونَ مِنَ الْأَعْرَابِ شَغَلَتْنَا أَمْوَالُنَا وَأَهْلُونَا فَاسْتَغْفِرْ لَنَا ۚ يَقُولُونَ بِأَلْسِنَتِهِمْ مَا لَيْسَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ ۚ قُلْ فَمَنْ يَمْلِكُ لَكُمْ مِنَ اللَّهِ شَيْئًا إِنْ أَرَادَ بِكُمْ ضَرًّا أَوْ أَرَادَ بِكُمْ نَفْعًا ۚ بَلْ كَانَ اللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرًا ﴿١١﴾
١١ - جو گنوار پیچھے رہ گئے وہ تم سے کہیں گے کہ ہم کو ہمارے مال اور اہل وعیال نے روک رکھا آپ ہمارے لئے (خدا سے) بخشش مانگیں۔ یہ لوگ اپنی زبان سے وہ بات کہتے ہیں جو ان کے دل میں نہیں ہے۔ کہہ دو کہ اگر خدا تم (لوگوں) کو نقصان پہنچانا چاہے یا تمہیں فائدہ پہنچانے کا ارادہ فرمائے تو کون ہے جو اس کے سامنے تمہارے لئے کسی بات کا کچھ اختیار رکھے (کوئی نہیں) بلکہ جو کچھ تم کرتے ہو خدا اس سے واقف ہے .
[48:11] Those who remained behind of the bedouins will say to you, "Our properties and our families occupied us, so ask forgiveness for us." They say with their tongues what is not within their hearts. Say, "Then who could prevent Allah at all if He intended for you harm or intended for you benefit? Rather, ever is Allah, with what you do, Acquainted.
[Transliteration] Sa yaqoolu lakal mukhal lafoona minal-A'raabi shaighalatnaaa amwaalunaa wa ahloonaa fastaghfir lanaa, yaqooloona bi alsinatihim maa laisa fee quloobihim, qul famany yamliku lakum minal laahi shai'an in araada bikum darran aw araada bikum naf'aa, bal kaanal laahu bimaa ta'maloona Khabeeraa
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