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سورة الأحزاب

33. Al-Ahzab

The Coalition

Total verses: 73
Revealed in: Mecca

- Saheeh International (English)
- Mawlana Fateh Muhammad Jalandhari (Urdu)

The surah that mentions The Confederates of the unbelievers, who besieged Medina, with an overwhelming force, but whom God routed with winds and a sandstorm in what became known as the Battle of the Ditch (in reference to the digging of a wide trench around the city as a barrier to invasion, an unprecedented practice in Arabia) in AH 5/627 CE (verse 9ff.). It takes its name from verse 20 which refers to the campaign of the "confederates" (aḥzāb) against the Prophet. The believers dug a ditch, which the disbelievers were unable to cross, and eventually the enemy retreated in disarray. This is mentioned in order to remind the believers of God’s goodness to them, so that they may obey the numerous instructions given in the surah, starting with the regulation of adoption and including proper conduct towards the Prophet, his Ahl al-Bayt and his wives. The hypocrites are warned to stop their bad behaviour.
The surah is also known as The Allied Troops, The Coalition, The Confederate Tribes, The Confederaters, The Federated Clans, The Joint Forces

- Mishary bin Rashid Al-Afasy (Arabic)
- Ibrahim Walk (English)
- Shamshad Ali Khan (Urdu)
Arabic only:

With English translation:

With Urdu translation:

Tafsir (Bayanul Quran):
Detailed verse by verse explanation of Quran in Urdu by Late Dr. Israr Ahmad.

ادْعُوهُمْ لِآبَائِهِمْ هُوَ أَقْسَطُ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ ۚ فَإِنْ لَمْ تَعْلَمُوا آبَاءَهُمْ فَإِخْوَانُكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ وَمَوَالِيكُمْ ۚ وَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ فِيمَا أَخْطَأْتُمْ بِهِ وَلَٰكِنْ مَا تَعَمَّدَتْ قُلُوبُكُمْ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا ﴿٥﴾
٥ - مومنو! لےپالکوں کو اُن کے (اصلی) باپوں کے نام سے پکارا کرو۔ کہ خدا کے نزدیک یہی بات درست ہے۔ اگر تم کو اُن کے باپوں کے نام معلوم نہ ہوں تو دین میں وہ تمہارے بھائی اور دوست ہیں اور جو بات تم سے غلطی سے ہوگئی ہو اس میں تم پر کچھ گناہ نہیں۔ لیکن جو قصد دلی سے کرو (اس پر مواخذہ ہے) اور خدا بخشنے والا مہربان ہے .
[33:5] Call them by [the names of] their fathers; it is more just in the sight of Allah. But if you do not know their fathers - then they are [still] your brothers in religion and those entrusted to you. And there is no blame upon you for that in which you have erred but [only for] what your hearts intended. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful.
[Transliteration] Ud'oohum li aabaaa'ihim huwa aqsatu 'indal laah, fa illam ta'lamooo aabaaa'ahum fa ikhwaanukum fid deeni wa mawaaleekum, wa laisa 'alaikum junaahun feemaaa akhtaatum bihee wa laakim maa ta'ammadat quloobukum, wa kaanal laahu Ghafoorar Raheemaa
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