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سورة الأحزاب

33. Al-Ahzab

The Coalition

Total verses: 73
Revealed in: Mecca

- Saheeh International (English)
- Mawlana Fateh Muhammad Jalandhari (Urdu)

The surah that mentions The Confederates of the unbelievers, who besieged Medina, with an overwhelming force, but whom God routed with winds and a sandstorm in what became known as the Battle of the Ditch (in reference to the digging of a wide trench around the city as a barrier to invasion, an unprecedented practice in Arabia) in AH 5/627 CE (verse 9ff.). It takes its name from verse 20 which refers to the campaign of the "confederates" (aḥzāb) against the Prophet. The believers dug a ditch, which the disbelievers were unable to cross, and eventually the enemy retreated in disarray. This is mentioned in order to remind the believers of God’s goodness to them, so that they may obey the numerous instructions given in the surah, starting with the regulation of adoption and including proper conduct towards the Prophet, his Ahl al-Bayt and his wives. The hypocrites are warned to stop their bad behaviour.
The surah is also known as The Allied Troops, The Coalition, The Confederate Tribes, The Confederaters, The Federated Clans, The Joint Forces

- Mishary bin Rashid Al-Afasy (Arabic)
- Ibrahim Walk (English)
- Shamshad Ali Khan (Urdu)
Arabic only:

With English translation:

With Urdu translation:

Tafsir (Bayanul Quran):
Detailed verse by verse explanation of Quran in Urdu by Late Dr. Israr Ahmad.

أَشِحَّةً عَلَيْكُمْ ۖ فَإِذَا جَاءَ الْخَوْفُ رَأَيْتَهُمْ يَنْظُرُونَ إِلَيْكَ تَدُورُ أَعْيُنُهُمْ كَالَّذِي يُغْشَىٰ عَلَيْهِ مِنَ الْمَوْتِ ۖ فَإِذَا ذَهَبَ الْخَوْفُ سَلَقُوكُمْ بِأَلْسِنَةٍ حِدَادٍ أَشِحَّةً عَلَى الْخَيْرِ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ لَمْ يُؤْمِنُوا فَأَحْبَطَ اللَّهُ أَعْمَالَهُمْ ۚ وَكَانَ ذَٰلِكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَسِيرًا ﴿١٩﴾
١٩ - (یہ اس لئے کہ) تمہارے بارے میں بخل کرتے ہیں۔ پھر جب ڈر (کا وقت) آئے تو تم ان کو دیکھو کہ تمہاری طرف دیکھ رہے ہیں (اور) اُن کی آنکھیں (اسی طرح) پھر رہی ہیں جیسے کسی کو موت سے غشی آرہی ہو۔ پھر جب خوف جاتا رہے تو تیز زبانوں کے ساتھ تمہارے بارے میں زبان درازی کریں اور مال میں بخل کریں۔ یہ لوگ (حقیقت میں) ایمان لائے ہی نہ تھے تو خدا نے ان کے اعمال برباد کر دیئے۔ اور یہ خدا کو آسان تھا .
[33:19] Indisposed toward you. And when fear comes, you see them looking at you, their eyes revolving like one being overcome by death. But when fear departs, they lash you with sharp tongues, indisposed toward [any] good. Those have not believed, so Allah has rendered their deeds worthless, and ever is that, for Allah, easy.
[Transliteration] Ashihhatan 'alaikum faizaa jaaa'al khawfu ra aytahum yanzuroona ilaika tadooru a'yunuhum kallazee yughshaa 'alaihi minal mawti fa izaa zahabal khawfu salqookum bi alsinatin hidaadin ashibbatan 'alal khayr, ulaaa'ika lam yu'minoo fa ahbatal laahu a'maalahum, wa kaana zaalika 'alal laahi yaseeraa
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